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How many blogs are there in the Malaysian SoPo blogosphere?

This is an interesting paper about the Malaysian SoPo blogosphere – it uses social network analysis (SNA) techniques to crawl links and map the Malaysian SoPo blogs.

It doesn’t seem to say when the data was collected, but the paper was published in 2010, and the crawl was done after the 2008 elections, so let’s assume 2009. One worry I have is that they used the SoPo Sentral of Malaysia directory as the starting point of their crawl – but that was last updated in December 2008, and is not necessarily complete. On the other hand, it’s probably the best place to start. But Dr. Mahathir’s blog (which started in May 2008) is not mentioned which is surprising.

What they did was to take the 385 blogs in the SoPo-Sentral directory and follow the link to a depth of four (e.g. follow links from one blog, collect all the links it links to, then follow those, and again two times). From this they got 4,693 sites, and approximately 2,000 blogs. Another crawl using the same technique on blog posts mentioning ‘Bersih’ in the week after the Bersih demonstrations gathered 878 blogs.

So this suggests that there were about 2,000 Malaysian SoPo blogs. Which is less than I imagined. Edit: Actually, it's more likely to mean that there are between 878 and 2000 sopo blogs.

Here are some of the results. They also compare SoPo blogs to random Malaysian blogs.
• The almost paradigmatic polarisation of SoPo blogs demonstrated in the USA by Adamic & Glance is not replicated here. Instead there is a distinct clustering of smaller groups with scattered individuals forming ‘bridges’.
Source details below

My hunch here is that this reflects patronage-style politics – people affiliating themselves with individuals – rather than identifying themselves with ideology or political stances (to note however that another SNA analysis of the Malaysian blogosphere did turn up a polarisation – though it was not focused on SoPo blogs).
• SoPo bloggers are more likely (compared to random Malaysian bloggers) to be older males (this is the same as the US), and also to reveal details about themselves.
• 27.9% specify a political affiliation as follows: 10.2% UMNO, 7.1% PAS, 4.2% PKR, 2.5% DAP, 1.2% PSM. Surprisingly no other BN parties such as MCA, MIC, Gerakan, etc. Overall, it suggests that most SoPo bloggers see themselves as independents.
• SoPo blogs are four times more likely to be in English than BM (“the small amount of Chinese blog content in [their] data” were not dealt with).
• “the average sopo blogger has more in-links and comments than random Malaysian bloggers”
• (i.e. ‘blogspot’) “has more than 152,000 Malaysian profiles — many more than on or similar services.”

You can access the paper (in a somewhat garbled copy) here on Scribd, and the full details are:
ULICNY, B., M. KOKAR & C. MATHEUS 2010. “Metrics For Monitoring A Social-Political Blogosphere: A Malaysian Case Study”. Internet Computing, IEEE 14, 34-44.


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rabinder on :

hi, i think you have some interesting entry in here. I was just curious to know what is the level of blogging among the teachers in Malaysian in terms of teaching them in schools?

julian on :

Hi Rabinder, thanks for your interest.

I have never heard of any teachers teaching blogging at schools. Back in 2008 there was a newspaper report that saying that "UiTM may introduce courses related to blogging" (, but I don't know what became of that.

Antares on :

Following your link to SoPo Sentral of Malaysia, I was initially disappointed to discover that my blog isn't listed there at all. Surely, I thought, I qualify as a SoPo blogger even if I don't limit myself to social and political topics?

Then I realized that SoPo Sentral is very likely a project initiated by pro-BN bloggers like Ahiruddin Atan (Rocky's Bru). Well, that made me very glad and relieved I'm not on their guest list! :-D

julian on :

I think that at the time SoPo Sentral was initiated, there wasn't really that distinction between pro-BN blogggers and others. Pre-May 2008 it seemed to be mostly pro- or anti- government.

But I don't know how the list was selected. As in many things in the blogosphere, it's down to individual initiative.

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